In 2007 Phillips Foods solicited SFP’s advice on a sustainability agenda. Phillips Foods and other major crab processors in Indonesia formed the Indonesia Blue Swimming Crab Processors Association (APRI) in 2007, with the goal of sustainable procurement from healthy stocks. SFP and APRI commissioned an MSC Pre Assessment in 2009. APRI currently consists of 13 crab processing and exporting companies in Indonesia, representing over 90 percent of all crab exported from Indonesia to the US market.
Current FIP Status:
APRI was formed in May 2007 with the goal of initiating blue swimming crab management for the economic and ecologic longevity of the resource. APRI supports Blue Swimming Crab sustainability initiatives in Indonesia. BSC’s extensive supply chain covers a diverse range of fishermen, mini-plant workers, mini-plant suppliers, gear suppliers, middlemen, operators and ice producers. APRI and its members campaign for sustainable harvest practices by working with multiple stakeholders for the execution of a comprehensive FIP. APRI collaborates with Universities to support scientific research, works with the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries to develop a national Fishery Management Plan and convenes regularly with fisher communities to establish community based fishery management. All project activities are managed in a Fishery Improvement Project (FIP), segmented into 6 FIP stages. In 2016, APRI added two new members, PT Nirwana Segara, PT TOSS, increasing their total membership to 16 processors.
In 2016, following continuous advocacy by APRI, the Government of Indonesia issued a decree on the Blue Swimming Crab fishery management plan. The crab FMP in WPPNRI (Indonesian fishery management region) is intended to support resource management policies and government fishery laws in the region. This FMP is used to direct and guide the Government, local governments, and stakeholders in the implementation of fishery resource management. This decree follows two previously approved Ministry decrees concerning blue swimming crab fisheries in Indonesia. One establishes minimum carapace width at 10 cm and a prohibition on berried female crabs. The second Ministry Decree annexed all coastal and coastal-seine trawlers.
A list of regulations by the Government of Indonesia regarding the Blue Swimming Crab fishery:
o Minimum landing size: Ministerial Decree No. 56/PERMEN-KP/2016
o Fishing gear ban (coastal and seine-trawls): No.2/PERMEN-KP/2015
o BSC Fishery Management Plan (NOMOR 70/KEPMEN-KP/2016)
o Stock status (NOMOR 47/KEPMEN-KP/2016)
The research branch of MMAF, P4KSI, has been conducting an official BSC stock assessment for the JAVA SEA since January 2014. A stock assessment of the Java Sea was conducted in year 2016, following year 2014 and 2015. Data describing the status of the blue swimming crab (Portunus pelagicus) fishery was collected from three important sites including Jakarta, Rembang, and Pamekasan.‐Madura in Java Sea (WPP 712) in 2016 by the Center for Fisheries Research and Development Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, and Indonesian Blue Swimming Crab Association over a period of 7 months between May and November 2016. Three 3,095 females and two thousand, two 2,216 males Blue Swimming Crab were measured by enumerators at three sampling locations in Java Sea in 2016. The residual spawning potential (SP) of the BSC stock in Java Sea after fishing in 2016 was therefore 21% in Rembang and 28% in Madura. The results of the LB SPR assessment indicate that the BSC fishery in Java Sea was operating at above limit reference point (i.e, the Limit References Point SP = 20%) in 2016. The selectivity curve for the BSC fishery in all sampling sites is positioned well to the right of the generic maturity curve of the population of Portunus pelagicus from the BSC fishery in Indonesia. The results of the LB SPR assessment suggest that the operation of the fishery enables almost all BSC to mature before entering the fishery though harvest control rules have been recommended such as, closed near-shore fishing areas, effective enforcement of minimum carapace width of 10 cm or above, fishery closures for spawning seasons, use of selective and environmental friendly gears such as collapsible traps and bottom set gillnets, no berried female crab and the implementation of a system to allow crab habitats to recover.
The results of the stock assessment survey was evaluated by the National Committee for Fisheries Policy (Komnaskajiskan) in the end of 2015 and 2016. Following APRI’s stock assessment, the Government of Indonesia has issued official stock status of BSC (Ministerial Decree NOMOR 47/KEPMEN-KP/2016). The decree about ‘estimasi potensi’ (Maximum Sustainable Yield, MSY), “Jumlah Tangkapan yang Diperbolehkan” (JTB, maximum allowable catch), and exploitation status for each WPP (fishery management region). The decree illustrates perceptions of the Government of Indonesia on current status.
APRI with the support of IPB, conducted a non-target species assessments in 2016. Issues surrounding bycatch are among the most important facing the management of fisheries throughout the world. Non Target Species assessment research activities require an appropriate reference data collection that is relevant and in accordance with scientific principles. The objectives of the field survey of non-target species using the Marine Stewardship Council’s (MSC) Risk Based Framework (RBF) for data limited fisheries are threefold: (1) To identify all non-target species that are potentially at risk of being impacted negatively by a blue swimming crab fishery, (2) To identify all non-target species that are at risk of being impacted negatively by a blue swimming crab fishery, using MSC’s P2 Default Decision Making Tree, (3) To assess the level of risk for each at risk species using MSC’s Productivity, Susceptibility Analysis. Location for research Non Target Species Assessment is located in Rembang, Lancang Island (Seribu Island, Jakarta), and Madura. The assessment was conducted in 20 days in each location by sampling 200 boats per location. Non Target Species assessment research activities required an appropriate reference data collection, relevant and in accordance with scientific principles. The sampling techniques employed by researches and technicians is critical to performing an accurate assessment. Because the fish population is not uniform in space and time, the strategy for sampling should be considered to avoid or minimize error. A total of 87 non-targeted species were recorded during the study period with a very small portion from the total catch. However only 8 species which categorized as Resilient Secondary species. ≥ 2% of the total catch was analyzed using MSC’s Productivity, Susceptibility Analysis. No ETP Species was recorded during the study period.
Through a partnership with USAID-IMACS and APRI, SE Sulawesi fisheries in Kendari and Tiworo Strait were able to establish a multifaceted steering committee, complete a stock assessment using Spawning Potential Ratio (SPR) for 2 year data collection, complete an MSC Gap Analysis by an accredited 3rd party as well as pilot the IFISH server. IFISH is a new fishery data collection and assessment platform that would transition a paper based enumerator system to go online. This would allow stakeholders to upload and assess fishery data in real time. Harvest control rules and target/limit reference points have been established through the steering committee. The Kendari experience will be used as a replicable model for provincial fisheries to organize, collect data and make fishery management decisions at scale. Kendari will look to address MSC PI’s from the Gap Analysis in their next work plan with IMACS- piloting an ASEAN FIP Protocol template, work on co-management initiatives to empower fisher groups and pilot control document systems with mini-pants. The co-management called Fishery Management Committee is now establishing at three provinces: East Java, Central Java and Southeast Sulawesi.
In order to follow up the Indonesian government regulations governing the minimum landing size of blue swimming crab, banning landing berried females, and banning mini-trawl gear, APRI has agreed to implement the Control Document. With the support of NFI Crab Council, training on the control document was conducted at the end of 2015 with APRI members and local governments participating.
The control document/audit scoping started in February 2016 with trial in three locations: Madura, Lampung and Kendari, as a basis for trial implementation by the second semester in 2016. Two training of trainers was conducted in Surabaya in October 2015 and October 2016. The control document trial of these supply chains was conducted in June-December 2016. Auditors were trained on the control document implementation 23-26 November 2016. This APRI and Sustainable Fisheries Partnership event was to (1) provide APRI and its affiliated processors the means to verify the implementation of the control document and its related traceability and documentation processes. (2) To provide training to a group of auditors on the traceability and documentation processes. (3) To evaluate the audit protocol and make the needed adjustments for its final design. As the next step, APRI will hire independent, third-party auditors to confirm implementation of control documents across the entire BSC supply chain – from collectors to mini-plants. This monitoring and auditing is a key part of the industry engagement effort. The Expected Outputs is (1) 10 auditors trained in the Control Document and its related traceability and documentation processes, (2) A final and standardized audit protocol for the traceability and documentation processes related to the control document. The audit process has been conducted by selected independent auditors at three sites in January and February 2017. This initiative of traceability and documentation is expected to achieve a fully auditable supply chain from raw material to the final product and vice versa.
The Directorate of Fishery Resources (SDI) of the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF) has been developing three pilot projects in Lampung to design, implement and assess a sub-WPP-scale2, multi-stakeholder Blue Swimming Crab (BSC) fishery management initiatives.
The year 2017 APRI will focus to on:
– Stock Assessment programs in the Java Sea
– Implementation of BSC fishery management plan
– Formation of a fishery management committee at three provinces: East Java, Central Java, and Southeast Sulawesi, and resulting Governor Decree on the establishment of this committee and on the management of BSC on the provincial level
– Review modified collapsible trap designs with escape vents and artificial baits
– Mapping mini plant and fisher communities
– Implementation of control document and audit system
– In addition to environmental indicators, APRI will look to improve nforcement and compliance of fishery policies through assessing supply chains, empowerment and organization of fisher communities and pilot traceability systems through control documents.
FIP Accomplishments/Next Steps:
Governor’s Decision (KEPGUB) of the SE Sulawesi No. 289 of 2017 on The Commission for BSC fishery management has been issued on June 2nd, 2017. With this, implementation of sustainable BSC fisheries management including law enforcement regarding MLS and EBF is legally supported by the province.
The decree is an important moment for the fishery that formalizes local government involvement in the fishery improvement effort.
APRI with Sustainable Fisheries Partnership is working on testing of the Control Document.
Earlier this year, the NFI Crab Council enacted a policy that called for the testing of a Control Document system to monitor the sustainable harvest of blue swimming crabs. Through an oversight system, the Control Document restricts the catch of berried and undersized crabs with measures that establish control points throughout the supply chain.
Testing of the Control Document will be conducted at Sumenep (Madura Island), Sekopong (Lampung) and Pajala (Southeast Sulawesi.) Third party auditors will review the Control Document system to measure compliance and identify areas for further revision.September 20
During the FIP Managers meeting held in Bangkok, Thailand, Dr. Hawis Madduppa of APRI reviewed the work-to-date of the Indonesian blue swimming crab FIP.
APRI’s sustainability activities currently cover 11 active FIP sites with an additional 10 planned for the future which will expand FIP coverage to 9 fishery management areas. NGO USAID continues to establish the BSP community pelagic data system as a tool to trace fishing vessles with GPS mapping.
APRI re-assesses managed stocks yearly to study catch patterns and the efficacy of harvest control program inputs. Conventional stock assessments using SPR are now in progress.
Future fishery management will involve an integrated supply chain. APRI has engaged with the government to support BSC sustainability and to establish a traceability system (e.g. Control Document) and to obtain a government issued health certificate for a mini plant certification scheme.
Future fishery challenges include updating data on mini plants that have been integrated into the supply chain, national implementation on the Control Document and involving all stakeholders (especially processors) in sustainability activities.November 23
APRI is moving forward with its Control Document implementation. November 23-26, APRI and Sustainable Fisheries Partnership (SFP) put on an auditor training course in Surabaya. There were 9 trainees in attendance with backgrounds in industry auditing and fishery research. Leading the course, Juan Manuel of SFP emphasized the importance of an independent auditor requirement in integrating and operating the Control Document system. The Crab Council is working to have the Control Document system supported by local and provincial governments.December 15
On December 15th, a BSC stakeholder meeting was held and attended by multiple federal representatives from the provincial fishing office and the MMAF Agency for Fishing Development in addition to APRI, SFP and the Crab Council.
The meeting was an important step in increasing communication with the government on crab sustainability activities. From the meeting a Committee for Sustainable BSC Fishery Management at the provincial level of East Java was formed. The Provincial Fisheries Government will facilitate the formation and the commission and the issuance of the Governor Regulation guiding BSC management. Issues to be addressed by the committee include communication throughout the whole supply chain and compliance to regulations on minimum size, berried female and fishing gears.
Asosiasi Pengelolaan Rajungan Indonesia (APRI), held an important board meeting that sought to reinvigorate participation of it’s 13 members through implementing new policies in it’s organization that included increased membership fees and repercussions for non-participation. Repercussions include fines, increased fees, usage rights of the Crab Council logo, and expulsion from the association altogether that may impede Crab Council member’s ability to source from them. An assessment of membership will begin this year. APRI Executive Director Dr. Hawis Madduppa reviewed 2014 activities of the FIP. While APRI Secretary, Bambang Nugraha (Bluestar Foods), reiterated future direction and industry leadership of the sustainability initiative that includes focus on stock assessments, gear selectivity, and finalization of a fishery management framework.February 27
In February, MMAF and P4KSI held a meeting to discuss the stock assessment and fishery management. Day one of the conference held two panel discussions on fishery management, and the stock assessment for blue swimmer crab resources in WPP-‐712 (Java Sea). Representative from DG Capture Fisheries promised a National Fisheries Management Framework would be completed this year. Day 2 of the workshop focused on updating the MSC Gap Analysis conducted in 2009 and explored pathways to improving key fishery performance indicators that would be inputs for APRI’s FIP Action Plan.March 11
On March 11th, US Ambassador, H.E. Robert Blake, visited Betahwalang village where for the past 2 years APRI have been engaged in an initiative with the University of Diponogoro (UNDIP). The project sought a grass roots approach for fishers to address fishery management. The catalyst to align the community for better fishing practices was the village mosque. Since the projects inception they’ve established a no-fishing zone for crab rearing, and a Bupati Decree (local fishery management document) on fishery regulations.May 9
In April, Sustainable Fisheries Partnership and APRI went on a scoping field trip to evaluate conditions for implementing a control document. The team visited Madura, Demak, and Kendari reviewing all components of the supply chain, including collectors/cooking stations, picking plants (miniplants) and processing facilities. In APRI’s 2nd quarterly meeting on May 9th, SFP has presented the first draft for an audited chain of custody that keeps suppliers in line with national regulations.May 6
Starling Group supported by Walton + Packard conduct BSC FIP Stakeholder meeting in Jakarta – stakeholders agree to pilot rights-based management: address issues surrounding open access fisheries, seek to unlock enablers for impact investors (photo cred.: Bambang Nugraha)April 20
APRI receives sub-contract to strengthen the I-FISH server as a facet of the USAID-IMACS project. Logbooks for fishers to record catch effort, and logbooks for mini-plants to record production will be implemented. Will also serve as a baseline for the Control Document system.November 23
Training for the NFI Crab Council’s Control Document took place with a weeklong workshop (November 23-28) in Surabaya, Indonesia.
Led by APRI and Sustainable Fisheries Partnership, the instructional course will educate fishery stakeholders on the administration of the Control Document’s product sourcing platform.
Earlier this year, the NFI Crab Council enacted a policy that called for the testing of a Control Document system to monitor the sustainable harvest of blue swimming crabs. Through an oversight system, the Control Document restricts the catch of berried and undersized crabs with measures that establish control points throughout the supply chain. Instances of illegal crab in handling facilities are recorded, subject to inspection by a third party auditor and face marketplace repercussions. The Control Document builds on harvest policies already adhered to by Crab Council members.
Present at the meeting were FIP managers, representatives from each APRI member, Fish Inspection and Quarantine Agency officials and university researchers. The robust agenda will cover the theory and practical implementation of the Control Document at all levels of the fishery. Workshop participants will be instructed how to regulate crab product at landing sites, cooking stations, miniplants and processing plants with onsite training.
The educational workshop comes as the first step in the Control Document’s pilot testing. Results from the provisional implementation will be used to further refine the Control Document.
APRI members quarterly meeting. Review of co-management project with UNDIP were among the topics of discussion. UNDIP’s Q1 works and financial report were discussed.February 27
NOAA / FPIK / UNDIP / APRI mini symposium on implementing sustainable fisheries management.March 3
IMACS technical meeting with stakeholders to review data collection and data collected for calculating SPR to implement harvest controls in KendariMay 12
Kendari, IMACS As part of a small grant program supported by USAID-IMACS, APRI completed it’s 7th out of the 10 milestones for the project. The 7th milestone included a workshop with Data Management Committee members, to present proposed Harvest Control Rules as result of a rapid and grass-roots approach to stock assessment methodology catered to data deficient small scale fisheries. The approach is a length-based assessment on Spawning Potential Ratio, or Spawning Per Recruit. A hurdle for many of our BSC FIPs is implementing practical and viable stock assessments within constraints of stakeholder capacities. The Data Management Committee for the Southeast Sulawesi fishery attended the meeting that is comprised of Provincial and District DKP representatives, mini-plant owners, fishers, University of Halu Oleo, IMACS, and APRI. Also attended were representatives from DG Capture Fisheries (SDI), P4KSI, SFP, and affiliates with the RARE program in Kendari. Based on the data sampling, the Harvest Controls presented for the Southeast Sulawesi fishery were minimum legal size (MLS) of carapace widths of 10cm and above, modified crab trap designs with escape window, correlating jumbo size to the MLS, no gravid crab, area closures, and effort regulation through a fisher licensing program.June 12
APRI 2nd Quarterly Meeting On J une 12th APRI members held their 2nd quarterly meeting in Surabaya, the meeting was chaired by Arie Prabawa. Topics of discussion included the fishery Stock Assessment for Northern Java in partnership with P4KSI, oversight in Demak and Kendari initiatives, improving awareness and adherence to the industry minimum size, and solicitation of a fishery consultant to help with MSC style FIP scoping documents and long-term project planning. Agreed during the meeting were “town-hall” meetings to be conducted by APRI members themselves, to address fishers and mini-plant owners on the minimum size and berried crab regulations. Also attending the meeting was Bambang Sumiono from P4KSI, whom went over the details of the Stock Assessment proposal for the Java Sea.June 18
P4KSI Sea Survey In honor of the P4KSI-APRI MOU, and as part of the Java Sea Stock Assessment for BSC, NFI has endorsed APRI to support P4KSI’s independent Sea Survey effort. The Sea Survey intends to address information on stock densities and biomass, distribution of resources and crab fishing areas, species composition in the catch, biological aspects such as population structures, and information on the condition of crab habitats.July 2
APRI agreed to solicit MRAG fishery consultants to help with future scoping and FIP planning of their BSC FIPs. MRAG has vast experience in fishery consulting for industry folks on sustainability issues, has played a key role in getting the Thai FIP started and have done the Pre Assessment work for APRI in 2009. Experience in the BSC fishery and coordination of BSC sustainability efforts around the region has made this an opportune partnership.September 1
SULTRA, Southeast Sulawesi, APRI completed the final milestones of a small-grant program funded by USAID/IMACS (Indonesian Marine and Climate Support). IMACS highlighted their I-FISH approach to fishery management, which was two-fold. First launching online platforms for storing and processing stock assessment data in real time to share with fishery stakeholders. Then establishing collaborative Data Management Committees that included public and private partnerships, research groups and technical staff to collect and review fishery data.September 5
APRI Director Arie Prabawa has moved on from the position. Arie helped maintain partnerships with IMACS, P4KSI, UNDIP and the hatchery in Betahwalang-Demak while fostering new efforts with RARE and MRAG. The Asia Liaison is coordinating the search for a replacement director with assistance from partners like Sustainable Fisheries Partnership. APRI voted in the new Executive Committee on September 5th. Kuncoro Catur Nugroho (PT. KML) is the new Chairman, Bambang Arif Nugraha (PT. SJA) as Secretary, and Alfred Goenawan (PT. BMI) remains as Treasurer.October 1
An Indonesian delegation visited the National Fisheries Institute’s (NFI’s) office as part of an observational study tour. The group of key-personnel from Indonesia’s Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF) were participating in a week-long visit to Washington, D.C. in order to gain perspective on fishery management. During MMAF’s visit to NFI, Crab Council Secretary Gavin Gibbons detailed the Crab Council’s sustainability work in Indonesia through the Indonesian Blue Swimming Crab Product Association (APRI). Secretary Gibbons stressed the importance of a unified fishery and urged MMAF to encourage when possible non-APRI crab processors to join the industry-led sustainability group.October 15
Dr. Hawis Madduppa, the new Executive Director for the Indonesian Blue Swimming Crab Association (APRI). With a background in marine and fisheries management science, Dr. Madduppa brings technical expertise and leadership experience to the sustainably minded processing and exporting group. “Fishery improvement is all about management but it’s one part science and one part business,” said Dr. Madduppa. “In my new role with APRI, I look forward to working with the Indonesian crab industry and our overseas partners, the NFI Crab Council, to focus on sound strategies that result in improved stock health and fishery yield.”
APRI and SFP met the Directorate of Fishery Resources-MMAF to discuss the draft document of BSC Fishery Management Plan and how to move forward. At the same time, the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF) has just released a new Ministry Regulation (Permen No. Tahun 2012) regarding the Guidelines to Develop a Fishery Management Plan. As a consequence, the ongoing process of developing the Fishery Management Plan has to be adjusted and in line with this newly released regulation.October 18
The University of Diponegoro (UNDIP) has begun a community outreach campaign in the Demak Village focusing on crab sustainability. To engage the community, they have led focus groups with village leaders and fishers, distributed questionnaires to better understand fishery issues and have initiated an awareness program with children of the fisher community. On September 14, APRI and NFICC Liaison held a technical meeting with UNDIP to go over revisions to the TOR and Work Plan. The following day a ceremonial reseeding took place with the fisher community, village leaders, UNDIP students and faculty. The ceremony took place at the newly APRI constructed reseeding tanks in Demak. In data news, BBPPI with APIR is collecting economic and biological data from fisheries in Central and Western Java as well as South Sulawesi. The collected data will be used to set objectives in the developing Fishery Management Plan. In addition, APRI is expected to soon sign an MOU with P4KSI for conducting a fishery stock assessment.November 6
APRI in conjunction with BBPPI (Fishing Technology branch of MMAF) held a fishery management workshop for Blue Swimming Crab stakeholders. The program featured presentations on current sustainability projects, recent data findings and industry perspective. Attended by scientists, NGOs, government organizations and industry representatives, the workshop evolved into a BSC FIP stakeholder meeting that resulted in several recommendations for consideration in the national management plan. The most important of those recommendations was for the 8 cm minimum catch size in regions encompassed by the North Java Sea to be increased gradually to 10 cm carapace width. Also attending the workshop was Ibu Erni new head of SDI (Fishery Resources) who will ultimately approve the FMP for Indonesian Blue Swimming Crab. *** On October 23rd, APRI held its quarterly meeting. Key discussion focused on APRI FIP reporting matrices, stock enhancement and UNDIP funding. Concerning FIP reporting, the group determined that their reporting scheme should follow MSC standards. APRI plans to hire a professional consultant familiar with applying the MSC framework to review the FIP and to hire a website developer to facilitate pubic reporting. APRI is keen to proceed in their stock enhancement initiative. Crab tanks have been constructed in Betahwalang Village (UNDIP) and APRI plans to look into incorporating the aquaculture facility in Jepara and crab cages into their enhancement strategy. A designated “no fishing zone” will be established for reseeding. UNDIP has proposed a comprehensive project that will address several areas of fishery concern including a risk assessment on size selectivity, no fishing-zones in coastal waters and the establishment of a fishery management body to implement managerial interventions based from the study in the form of “district decree”. APRI sees the benefit of these undertakings and is reviewing their ability to fund the work.October 4
APRI signs MOU with P4KSI (Research Center for Fisheries Management and Conservation, The Agency for Marine and Fisheries Research and Development, to conduct future fishery assessments and data collection for blue swimming crab in the Java Sea. *A Stock Assessment is still in the proposal phase.December 16
A“Perdes” was formalized in Betahwalan Village in Central Java. A Fishery management document at the village level that outlines fishery management stakeholder’s that will be the management committee of the area, the management area, no fishing zones, prohibition of illegal fishing activities such trawlers in coastal waters, and minimum unit size of blue swimmer crabs. The Perdes was initiated by the University of Diponogoro and APRI, and was also signed by the two former groups as well as local fisher groups, BSC traders, village government leaders, and the Dinas (District Indonesian Fishery Services).December 27
Stakeholder meeting was conducted to establish Rajungan (blue swimming crab) Closed and Protected Area (RCPA), in Betahwalang Village, Demak, Central Java to protect premature crab from harvest. Stakeholder groups included APRI, Universtiy of Deponegoro (UNDIP), head of the sub-district of Bonang, village leaders, and fisherman groups. The RCPA will not allow trawling and destructive fishing methods within a 5km area. Physical markers were put in place to fence off the protected area. The initiative is part of Co-Management project that’s being implemented by both APRI and UNDIP.